Farmers across the country and around the world, in every climate and on every soil type, are seeing tremendous benefits both on and off the farm from making improvements to the health of their soil. Healthy soil can lead to increased crop yields, decreased inputs, improved water dynamics on the farm and water quality off the farm, better resilience to extreme weather events, reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, and even sequestration of atmospheric carbon. Soil health also forms the foundation of regenerative agriculture, a system of farm management which incorporates practices that (i) increase organic matter, biological activity, biodiversity, and carbon sequestered in the soil and (ii) improve soil structure, water quality, and the health of the ecosystem and community in which the farm is located.
Maryland farmers are national leaders in stewardship practices that promote healthy soils, like reducing tillage and planting cover crops. And there is more to learn for every type of farmer about how to protect and regenerate soil in ways that can improve farm profitability and resilience in the long run. The resources below can help.